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    Magnesium carbonate

    Description Chemical Properties Magnesium Compounds Occurrence and Uses
    Magnesium carbonate
    Magnesium carbonate structure
    CAS No.
    Chemical Name:
    Magnesium carbonate
    MgCO3;destab;apolda;ci77713;kimboshi;c.i.77713;MAGNESITE;Magmaster;C.I. 77713;lansfordite
    Molecular Formula:
    Formula Weight:
    MOL File:

    Magnesium carbonate Properties

    Melting point:
    Practically insoluble in water. It dissolves in dilute acids with effervescence.
    Water Solubility 
    g MgCO3/100g solution at CO2 pressure, kPa, 18°C: 3.5 (203), 4.28 (405), 5.90 (1010), 7.49 (1820), 7.49 (5670); at 0°C 8.58 (3445), at 60°C 5.56 (3445); soluble acids; insoluble alcohol [HAW93] [KIR81]
    CAS DataBase Reference
    546-93-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
    NIST Chemistry Reference
    Magnesium carbonate(546-93-0)
    EPA Substance Registry System
    Magnesium carbonate (546-93-0)
    • Risk and Safety Statements
    Safety Statements  24/25-22
    RTECS  OM2470000
    HS Code  28369910
    NFPA 704
    1 0

    Magnesium carbonate price More Price(2)

    Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
    TRC M110325 Magnesium carbonate 546-93-0 100g $235 2021-12-16 Buy
    AK Scientific C663 Magnesium carbonate 546-93-0 100g $39 2021-12-16 Buy

    Magnesium carbonate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


    Magnesium carbonate (MgCO3, pKso=7.5-8.2), another important compound of magnesium, occurs naturally as magnesite,but the magnesium carbonate used in the United States is all synthetically manufactured. It's used in the pharmaceutical industry as an inert material: whenever you take a tablet, chances are, you're also taking magnesium carbonate. Its used as an inert binder to hold the actual particles of the drug together.It's also used in cosmetics, talcum powders, and the manufacture of soap because it can hold and carry a scent very effectively.
    Magnesium carbonate is added to rubber and plastics as a flame retardant: it reduces the rate at which fire spreads and the amount of char and ash that is produced.

    Chemical Properties

    Magnesium carbonate is a white, yellowish, grayish-white or brown crystalline solid or crystalline powder. It occurs in nature as the mineral magnesite and is an important source of elemental magnesium. It can be produced artificially by the action of carbon dioxide on a variety of magnesium compounds.
    Magnesium carbonate
    Magnesium carbonate is a flux. It can be used to make matte, but too much can cause pinholes. Cobalt will produce violet hues when combined with magnesium carbonate, and pink shades when combined with zinc.
    Magnesium carbonates can be used as magnesium source for the manufacture of catalyst compounds.

    Magnesium Compounds

    Compound                 Mineral                Formula                     CAS No.
    anhydrous salt             magnesite              MgCO3                       [13717-00-5]
    dihydrate                barringtonite           MgCO3•2H2O                    [5145-48-2]
    trihydrate               nesquehonite           MgCO3•3H2O                    [14457-83-1]
    pentahydrate              lansfordite            MgCO3•5H2O                     [61042-72-6]
    basic carbonate            artinite              MgCO3•Mg(OH)2•3H2O               [12143-96-3]
    basic carbonate            hydromagnestite         4MgCO3•Mg(OH)2•4H2O         [12072-90-1]
    basic carbonate            dypingite             4MgCO3•Mg(OH)2•5H2O                [12544-02-4]
    basic carbonate              ---               4MgCO3•Mg(OH)2•8H2O                [75300-49-1]

    Occurrence and Uses

    Magnesium carbonate occurs in nature in several minerals as hydrated, basic and double salts, as shown above. The two principal minerals are magnesite, MgCO3 and dolomite, a double salt, CaCO3•MgCO3. Both minerals are used as source materials in the production of magnesium metal. Also, they are calcined to produce basic refractory bricks. Other applications of magnesium carbonate are in flooring, fireproofing and fire-extinguishing compositions; as a filler material and smoke suppressant in plastics; as a reinforcing agent in neoprene rubber; as a drying agent and for color retention in foods; in cos-metics; in dusting powder; and in toothpaste. The high purity magnesium carbonate is used as an antacid in medicine; and as an additive to table salt. Another important application of magnesium carbonate is as a starting material in producing a number of magnesium compounds.


    Magnesium carbonate is obtained mainly by mining the natural mineral magnesite. The trihydrate salt, MgCO3·3H2O, is prepared by mixing solutions of magnesium and carbonate ions in the presence of carbon dioxide.

    Chemical Properties

    Magnesium carbonate occurs as light, white-colored friable masses or as a bulky, white-colored powder. It has a slightly earthy taste and is odorless but, since it has a high absorptive ability, magnesium carbonate can absorb odors.
    The USP 32 describes magnesium carbonate as either a basic hydrated magnesium carbonate or a normal hydrated magnesium carbonate. However, the PhEur describes magnesium carbonate as being a hydrated basic magnesium carbonate in two separate monographs: heavy magnesium carbonate and light magnesium carbonate. The molecular formulas for heavy magnesium carbonate and light magnesium carbonate vary, but heavy magnesium carbonate may generally be regarded as the tetrahydrate [(MgCO3)3·Mg(OH)2·4H2O], while light magnesium carbonate may be regarded as the trihydrate [(MgCO3)3· Mg(OH)2·3H2O].
    The molecular weights of the heavy and light forms of magnesium carbonate are 383.32 and 365.30, respectively.


    Some applications of magnesiumcarbonate are uses in flooring, fireproofing and fire-extinguishing compositions; as a filler material and smoke suppressant in plastics; as a reinforcing agent in neoprene rubber; as a drying agent and for color retention in foods; in cosmetics. Magnesium carbonate is used as an antacid in medicine and as an additive to table salt. Another important application of magnesium carbonate is as a starting material in producing a number of magnesium compounds.
    Because of its water-insoluble, hygroscopic properties, MgCO3 was first added to salt in 1911 to make the salt flow more freely. Magnesium carbonate, most often referred to as “chalk”, is used as a drying agent for hands in gymnastics, weight lifting and rock climbing. Magnesium carbonate is also used in taxidermy for whitening skulls. It can be mixed with hydrogen peroxide to create a paste, which is then spread on the skull to give it awhite finish. Basic magnesium carbonate is used as a clay in face masks and it has mild astringent properties and helps to smooth and soften skin. It is recommended for use on normal to dry skins.


    Used in Pharmaceutical units as a Magnesium Salt, Heat Insulator and Refractor, Antacid. Also used in Cosmetics, inks, glass, drying agent, color retention agent and etc.


    Chemical intermediate for magnesium salts; component of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, dentifrices, free-running table salt; agent in heat insulation and refractory applications


    The term magnesite is loosely used as a synonym for magnesia as are also the terms caustic-calcined magnesite, dead-burned magnesite, and synthetic magnesite.


    A whitecompound, MgCO3, existing in anhydrousand hydrated forms. The anhydrousmaterial (trigonal; r.d.2.96) is found in the mineral magnesite.There is also a trihydrate,MgCO3.3H2O (rhombic; r.d. 1.85),which occurs naturally as nesquehonite,and a pentahydrate, MgCO3.5H2O (monoclinic; r.d. 1.73),which occurs as lansfordite. Magnesiumcarbonate also occurs in themixed salt dolomite (CaCO3.MgCO3)and as basic magnesium carbonatein the two minerals artinite(MgCO3.Mg(OH)2.3H2O) and hydromagnesite(3MgCO3.Mg(OH)2.3H2O).The anhydrous salt can be formed byheating magnesium oxide in astream of carbon dioxide:
    MgO(s) + CO2(g) → MgCO3(s)
    Above 350°C, the reverse reactionpredominates and the carbonate decomposes.Magnesium carbonate isused in making magnesium oxideand is a drying agent (e.g. in tablesalt). It is also used as a medicalantacid and laxative (the basic carbonateis used) and is a componentof certain inks and glasses.


    hydromagnesite: A mineral formof basic magnesium carbonate,3MgCO3.Mg(OH)2.3H2O.


    lansfordite: A mineral form ofmagnesium carbonate pentahydrate,MgCO3.5H2O.

    Production Methods

    Depending upon the manufacturing process used, the composition of the magnesium carbonate obtained may vary from normal hydrated magnesium carbonate to basic hydrated magnesium carbonate.
    Light magnesium carbonate may be manufactured by saturating an aqueous suspension of dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2, with carbon dioxide under pressure. On increase of the temperature, calcium carbonate precipitates almost entirely. The filtered solution is then heated to boiling; the magnesium bicarbonate in the solution loses precipitates.
    Heavy magnesium carbonate may be manufactured by mixing a hot concentrated solution of magnesium chloride or magnesium sulfate with a solution of sodium carbonate. The heavy magnesium carbonate may be either precipitated to produce a granular material or spray-dried. Varying the temperature of the reaction solutions produces heavy magnesium carbonate with differing physical properties: e.g. material with a higher specific surface area is produced at a lower reaction temperature. Low processing temperature provided the largest surface area, which produced optimum granules or spray-dried powder.If dilute magnesium chloride or magnesium sulfate solutions are used for the reaction, a less dense material is produced.
    Magnesium carbonates in varying states of hydration are also found as minerals in nature.

    General Description

    White, yellowish, grayish-white or brown crystalline solid or crystalline powder. Density: 3-3.1 g cm-3. An important ore for magnesium. Used in the manufacture of materials capable of withstanding very high temperatures. Sometimes used to produce carbon dioxide.

    Reactivity Profile

    Magnesium carbonate has generally low chemical reactivity. Non-flammable and non-combustible. Reacts with acids and acidic salts to generate gaseous carbon dioxide with effervescence (bubbling). The reaction may be rapid and exothermic with concentrated solutions of acids. The efferversence can create foaming. Incompatible with formaldehyde.


    A nuisance particulate.

    Health Hazard

    Magnesite is considered to be a nuisance dust.

    Pharmaceutical Applications

    As an excipient, magnesium carbonate is mainly used as a directly compressible tablet diluent in concentrations up to 45% w/w. Heavy magnesium carbonate produces tablets with high crushing strength, low friability, and good disintegration properties. However, magnesium carbonate can have varying effects on dissolution and stability.Magnesium carbonate has been incorporated in microsphere formulations for the purpose of stabilizing encapsulated proteins. It has also been coencapsulated in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microsphere formulations to neutralize acidity and enhance the immunogenicity of a contraceptive peptide vaccine. Magnesium carbonate is also used to absorb liquids, such as flavors, in tableting processes. Magnesium carbonate is additionally used as a food additive and therapeutically as an antacid.

    Agricultural Uses

    Hydromagnesite is a magnesium ore which occurs as a carbonate. Magnesium carbonate occurs in a mixed salt dolomite (CaCO3.MgCO3) and as basic magnesium carbonate in two minerals, namely, artinite (MgCO3.Mg(OH)2.3H2O) and hydromagnesite (3MgCO3.Mg(OH)2.3H2O).

    Agricultural Uses

    Magnesium carbonate is a white compound occurring in anhydrous and hydrated forms. It is used as a fertilizer and also for making magnesium oxide.
    The anhydrous material is found naturally in mineral magnesite. There is also a trihydrate, MgC03·3H2O (rhombic) that occurs naturally as nesquehonite, and a pentahydrate, MgCO3.5H2O (monoclinic) that occurs as lansfordite.
    Magnesium carbonate also occurs in a mixed salt dolomite (CaCO3·MgCO3) and as basic magnesium carbonate in two minerals, namely, artinite [MgCO3·Mg(OH)2.3H2O] and hydromagnesite [3MgC03·Mg(OH)2.3H2O]. Heating magnesium oxide in a stream of carbon dioxide leads to the formation of the anhydrous salt.
    Above 350°C, the reverse reaction predominates and the carbonate decomposes to give back MgO.

    Agricultural Uses

    Nesquehonite is the natural form of magnesium carbonate trihydrate (MgCO3.3H2O).


    Magnesium carbonate is used as an excipient in oral solid-dosage pharmaceutical formulations and is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material. However, the use of magnesium salts, such as magnesium carbonate, is contraindicated in patients with renal impairment. In certain studies, magnesium carbonate has been shown to be an effective phosphate binder in short-term use for patients with chronic kidney disease, but the effects of long-term use require further study.The probable oral lethal dose in humans has been estimated at 0.5–5.0g/kg bodyweight. On contact with gastric acid, magnesium carbonate reacts in the stomach to form soluble magnesium chloride and carbon dioxide. Magnesium carbonate should therefore not be used as an antacid by those individuals whose stomachs cannot tolerate the evolution of carbon dioxide. Some magnesium is absorbed but is usually excreted in the urine. As with other magnesium salts, magnesium carbonate has a laxative effect and may cause diarrhea.
    Therapeutically, the usual dose of magnesium carbonate as an antacid is 250–500mg, and 2.0–5.0g as a laxative.


    Magnesium carbonate is stable in dry air and on exposure to light. The bulk material should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry place.


    Incompatible with phenobarbital sodium,diazepam solution at a pH≥5, some binary powder mixtures, lansoprazole, and formaldehyde. Acids will dissolve magnesium carbonate, with the liberation of carbon dioxide. Slight alkalinity is imparted to water. Magnesium carbonate was also found to increase the dissolution of acetazolamide formulations at a pH of 1.12; however, dissolution was retarded at a pH of 7.4.

    Regulatory Status

    GRAS listed. Accepted as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral capsules and tablets). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK.

    Magnesium carbonate Preparation Products And Raw materials

    Raw materials

    Preparation Products

    Magnesium carbonate Suppliers

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    View Lastest Price from Magnesium carbonate manufacturers

    Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
    2021-11-02 Magnesium carbonate
    US $1857.00 / KG 1000KG 99 200000t Baoji Guokang Healthchem co.,ltd
    2021-02-21 Magnesium carbonate
    US $1.00 / PCS 1KG 99% 10 mt Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    2020-08-18 MgCO3
    US $5.00 / KG 1KG 99%min 5000 Kilogram/Kilograms per Month Hebei Runbin Biotechnology Co. LTD

    Magnesium carbonate Spectrum

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